University-Industry Links in Slovakia: What are the Factors Underlying the Number of Interactions with Industry?

Slávka Klasová, Iveta Korobaničová, Oto Hudec

Abstract


Purpose: The main aim of the paper is to investigate the determinants of university-industry links, considering the number of contracts with industry as an output variable. Also, the spatial dimension of contracts is examined, explaining to what extent U-I cooperation is anchored regionally or nationally.

Methodology/Approach: The paper uses a unique dataset comprising 1,158 contracts with industry at the 25 faculties belonging to five technical universities in Slovakia. Negative binomial regression analysis is used to evaluate the determinants for academic engagement in contract research.

Findings: Empirical findings reveal the impact of the factors such as age, personnel structure, the intensity of supervising and experience in research projects financed by public authorities, mattering more than patenting or teaching intensity in the propensity of researchers to engage with industry.

Research Limitation/implication: The outcomes only concern technical universities in Slovakia, and there is still room for analysis of other faculties comprising other subject areas. Since there is no longer time series data, the 2014-2016 timeframe did not permit to explore additional contexts in the model.

Originality/Value of paper: Foremost, this is the first attempt to investigate the relationship between different factors and the level of contract research in Slovakia, making several contributions to the existing literature.

Keywords


university’s third mission; contract research; technology transfer; university-industry links

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ankrah, S. and AL-Tabbaa, O., 2015. Universities-Industry Collaboration: A Systematic Review. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 31(3), pp.387-408. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scaman.2015.02.03.

ARRA, 2014. Hodnotenie fakúlt vysokých škôl 2014. [pdf] Bratislava: Akademická rankingová a ratingová agentúra (ARRA). Available at: < http://www.arra.sk/sites/arra.sk/files/file/ARRA_Sprava_2014.pdf > [Accessed 15 November 2018].

Audretsch, D.B., 2014. From the Entrepreneurial University to the University for the Entrepreneurial Society. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 39(3), pp.313-321. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10961-012-9288-1.

Capaldo, G., Costantino, N., Pellegrino, R., and Rippa, P., 2016. Factors Affecting the Diffusion and Succss of Collaborative Interactions between University and Industry. Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, 7(3), pp.273-288. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-12-2015-0038.

Carayannis, E.G., Rogers, E.M., Kurihara, K. and Allbritton, M.M., 1998. High technology spin-offs from government R&D laboratories and research universities. Technovation, 18(1), pp.1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0166-4972(97)00101-6.

Cohen, W.M., Nelson, R.R. and Walsh, J.P., 2002. Links and Impacts: The Influence of Public Research on Industrial R&D. Management Science, 48(1), pp.1-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.48.1.1.14273.

Čorej, J., 2006. Univerzity, priemysel a partnerstvo: doktorandské štúdium a transfer poznatkov. Žilina: Žilinská univerzita.

D’Este, P. and Patel, P., 2007. University-Industry Linkages in the UK: What are the Factors Underlying the Variety of Interactions with Industry?. Research Policy, 36(9), pp.1295-1313. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2007.05.002.

Dutrénit, G., and Arza, V., 2010. Channels and Benefits of Interactions between Public Research Organisations and Industry: Comparing four Latin American Countries. Science and Public Policy, 37(7), pp.541-553. http://dx.doi.org/10.3152/030234210X512043.

Etzkowitz, H. and Leyedesdorff, L., 2000. The Dynamics of Innovation: From National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relation. Research Policy, 29(2), pp.109-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00055-4.

Franzoni, C. and Lissoni, F., 2009. Academic Entrepreneurs: Critical Issues and Lessons for Europe. In: A. Varga, ed. 2009. Universities, Knowledge Transfer and Regional Development: Geography, Entrepreneurship and Policy. Northampton, MA; USA Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. pp.163-190.

Furman, J.L., Porter, M.E. and Stern, S., 2002. The Determinants of National Innovative Capacity. Research Policy, 31(6), pp.899-933. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(01)00152-4.

Giuliani, E., Morrison, A., Pietrobelli, C. and Rabellotti, R., 2010. Who Are the Researchers that Are Collaborating with Industry? An Analysis of the Wine Sectors in Chile, South Africa and Italy. Research Policy, 39(6), pp.748-761. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.03.007.

Hottenrott, H. and Thorwarth, S., 2011. Industry Funding of University Research and Scientific Productivity. Kyklos, 64(4), pp.534-555. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6435.2011.00519.x.

Hudec, O. and Prochádzková, M., 2018. The Evolution of Innovation Networks in Slovakia: Disintegration and Slow Recovery. In: J. Stejskal, P. Hajek, O. Hudec, eds. 2018. Knowledge Spillovers in Regional Innovation Systems. Advances in Spatial Science (The Regional Science Series). Cham: Springer. pp.133-161.

Hudec, O., 2015. Visegrad Countries and Regions: Innovation Performance and Efficiency. Quality Innovation Prosperity, 19(2), pp.55-72.

Hudec, O., 2017. A Ranking-Free Evaluation of Universities: An Intellectual Capital Approach. In: IEEE, 15th IEEE International Conference on Emerging eLearning Technologies and Applications. Stary Smokovec, Slovakia, 26-27 October 2017. Danvers, MA: IEEE.

Hunady, J., Orviska, M. and Pisar, P., 2018. The Effect of Higher Education on Entrepreneurial Activities and Starting Up Successful Businesses. Engineering Economics, 29(2), pp.226-235. http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ee.29.2.19069.

Jensen, R. and Thursby, M., 2001. Proofs and Prototypes for Sale: The Licensing of University Inventions. Amer. Econom. Rev., 91(1), pp.240-259.

Kwiek, M., 2012. Changing Higher Education Policies: From the Deinstitutionalization to the Reinstitutionalization of the Research Mission in Polish Universities. Science and Public Policy, 39(5), pp.641-654. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scs042.

Lee, Y.S., 2000. The Sustainability of University-Industry Research Collaboration: An Empirical Assessment. Journal of Technology Transfer, 25(2), pp.111-153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:100789532.

Mansfield, E. and Lee, J.-Y., 1996. The modern university: contributor to industrial innovation and recipient of industrial R&D support. Research Policy, 25(1), pp.1047-1058.

Martinelli, A., Meyer, M. and Von Tunzelmann, N., 2008. Becoming an Entrepreneurial University? A Case Study of Knowledge Exchange Relationships and Faculty Attitudes in a Medium-Sized, Research-Oriented University. Journal of Technology Transfer, 33(3), pp.259-283.

McAdam, R., Miller, K., McAdam, M. and Teague, S., 2012. The development of University Technology Transfer stakeholder relationships at a regional level: Lessons for the future. Technovation, 32(1), pp.57-67.

Meyer-Krahmer, F. and Schmoch, U., 1998. Science-Based Technologies: University-Industry Interactions in four Fields. Research Policy, 27(8), pp.835-851. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(98)00094-8.

Novotny, Á., 2008. Academic Entrepreneurship in Hungary: Can the Bayh-Dole Model of University Technology Transfer Work in an Eastern European Context?. Periodica Polytechnica, 16(2), pp.71-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.3311/pp.so.2008-2.03.

O’Brien, R.M., 2007. A Caution Regarding Rules of Thumb for Variance Inflation Factors. Quality & Quantity, 41(5), pp.673-690. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s1135-006-9018-6.

Owen-Smith, J., Riccaboni, M., Pammolli, F. and Powell, W.W., 2002. A Comparison of U.S. and European University-Industry Relations in the Life Sciences. Management Science, 48(1), pp.24-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.48.1.24.14275.

Perkmann, M. and Walsh, K., 2007. University-Industry Relationships and Open Innovation: Towards a Research Agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 9(4), pp.259-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2370.2007.00225.x.

Perkmann, M. et al., 2013. Academic Engagement and Commercialisation: A review of the Literature on University and Industry Relations. Research Policy, 42(2), pp.423-442. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.09.007.

Phan, P.H. and Siegel, D.S., 2006. The Effectiveness of University Technology Transfer: Lessons Learned from Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the US and UK. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 2(2), pp.66-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/0300000006.

Prokop, V., Stejskal, J. and Kuvíková, H., 2017. The Different Drivers of Innovation Activities in European Countries: A Comparative Study of Czech, Slovak, and Hungarian Manufacturing Firms. Ekonomický časopis, 65(1), pp.31-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ee.28.1.16111.

Ramaciotti, L. and Rizzo, U., 2014. The determinants of academic spin-off creation by Italian universities. R&D Management, 45(5), pp.501-514. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/radm.12105.

Roessner, J.D., 1993. What companies want from the Federal labs. Issues in Science and Technology, 10(1), pp.37-42.

Rothaermel, F.T., Agung, S. and Jiang, L., 2007. University Entrepreneurship: A Taxonomy of the Literature. Industrial and Corporate Change, 16(4), pp.691-1180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icc/dtm023.

Santos Silva, J.M.C. and Tenreyro, S., 2006. The Log of Gravity. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 88(4), pp.641-658.

Schartinger, D., Rammer, Ch., Fischer, M.M. and Fröhlich, J., 2002. Knowledge Interactions between Universities and Industry in Austria: Sectoral Patterns and Determinants. Research Policy, 31(3), pp.303-328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S004/-7333(01)00111-1.

Schartinger, D., Schibany, A. and Gassler, H., 2001. Interactive Relations Between Universities and Firms: Empirical Evidence for Austria. Journal of Technology Transfer, 26(3), pp.255-268.

Schiuma. G. and Lerro. A., 2008. Knowledge-Based Capital in Building Regional Innovation Capacity. Journal of Knowledge Management, 12(5), pp.121-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13673270810902984.

Sengupta, A. and Ray, A.S., 2017. University Research and Knowledge Transfer: A Dynamic View of Ambidexterity in British Universities. Research Policy, 46(5), pp.881-897. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2017.03.003.

Shane, S.A., 2004. Academic Entrepreneurship: University Spinoffs and Wealth Creation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Spithoven, A., 2016. Industrial Contract Research to Universities: Determinants and Spatial Dimension. Brussels: Brussels Studies Institute.

White, H., 1982. Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Misspecified Models. Econometrica, 50(1), pp.1-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1912526.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12776/qip.v23i1.1137

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Slávka Klasová, Iveta Korobaničová, Oto Hudec

ISSN 1335-1745 (print)
ISSN 1338-984X (online)
CCBY crossref cope
Covered, abstracted, indexed in:
 
Clarivate Analytics Emerging Sources Citation Index; Scopus; Google Scholar; IDEAS; EconPapers; RePEc; Cabells' Directories; Google Scholar