University and Practice – Cooperation in Research and Science: Case study of the Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

Jana Jarábková, Marcela Chrenekova, Oľga Roháčiková

Abstract


Purpose: Besides their educational and research functions, universities are currently essential for dissemination of knowledge in innovation processes, thus affecting the economic and social development of their environments. The formalized cooperation of the Slovak University of Agriculture (SUA) in Nitra and its partners in research and science was examined in this context.

Methodology/Approach: Formal cooperation of the university with working life partners in terms of their sectoral and geographic affiliation was analyzed in the paper. The Central Register of Contracts and the SUA Internal Register of Contracts were used as principal sources of data. Based on interviews and selected studies conducted in the Slovak Republic we further focused on identification of barriers to the transfer of the results of research into practice.

Findings: The paper confirmed cognitive and spatial proximity between SUA and its partners. The sectoral focus of the partners is closely related to the profile of the university. From the spatial point of view, more significant concentration of SUA partners in the region of Western Slovakia was confirmed. We identified several barriers to the transfer of the results of scientific research activities from the university environment into practical life.

Research Limitation/implication: We conducted research on the example of one university, thus it is not possible to generalize the results.

Originality/Value of paper: The paper analyzes the collaboration of the University in science and research with partners in practical life and identifies weaknesses and barriers to this cooperation.

Keywords


cooperation; university; practice; research; innovative ecosystem

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abramovsky, L. and Simpson, H., 2011. Geographic proximity and firm–university innovation linkages: evidence from Great Britain. Journal of economic geography, 11(6), pp.949-977. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbq052.

Balland, P.A., Boschma, R. and Frenken, K., 2015. Proximity and innovation: From statics to dynamics. Regional Studies, 49(6), pp.907-920. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2014.883598.

Bekkers, R. and Bodas-Freitas, I., 2010. Catalysts and barriers: Factors that affect th performance of university-industry collaborations. In: Aalborg University, 13th International Schumpeter Society Conference 2010 on Innovation, Organisation, Sustainability and Crises. Aalborg, Denmark, 21-24 June 2010. Aalborg: Aalborg University.

Belderbos, R., Carree, M. and Lokshin, B., 2004. Cooperative R&D and firm performance. Research policy, 33(10), pp.1477-1492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2004.07.003.

Boh, W.F., De-Haan, U. and Strom, R., 2016. University technology transfer through entrepreneurship: faculty and students in spin-offs. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 41(4), pp.661-669. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-015-9399-6.

Boschma, R., 2005. Proximity and innovation: a critical assessment. Regional studies, 39(1), pp.61-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/0034340052000320887.

Bradley, S.R., Hayter, C.S. and Link, A.N., 2013. Models and methods of university technology transfer. Foundations and Trends® in Entrepreneurship, 9(6), pp.571-650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/0300000048.

Brannback, M., Carsrud, A., KruegerJr, N. and Elfving, J., 2008. Challenging the triplehelix model of regional innovation systems: a venture-centric model. International Journal of Techno entrepreneurship, 1(3), pp.257-277. DOI: 10.1504/IJTE.2008.020539.

Brennenraedts, R., Bekkers, R. and Verspagen, B., 2006. The different channels of university-industry knowledge transfer: Empirical evidence from Biomedical Engineering. [Working Paper 06.04] Eindhoven: Eindhoven Centre for Innovation Studies.

Broström, A., 2010. Working with distant researchers – Distance and content in university-industry interaction. Research Policy, 39(10), pp.1311-1320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.09.002.

Bruneel, J., D’Este, P. and Salter, A., 2010. Investigating the factors that diminish the barriers to university–industry collaboration. Research policy, 39(7), pp.858-868. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.03.006.

Central Register of Contracts of the Slovak Republic, 2019. Central Register of Contracts of the Slovak Republic. [online] Available: < https://www.crz.gov.sk/ > [Accessed 03 March 2019].

Chreneková, M., Melichová, K., Hrivnák, M. and Jarábková, J., 2017. Inovačný ekosystém Slovenskej poľnohospodárskej univerzity a jej spolupráca s praxou. In: Klímová, V and Žítek, V., 20th International Colloquium on Regional Sciences. Conference Proceedings. Kurdějov, Czech Republic, 14-16 June 2017. Brno: Masarykova univerzita. https://doi.org/10.5817/CZ.MUNI.P210-8587-2017-32.

Cohen, B., Almirall, E. and Chesbrough, H., 2016. The city as a lab: open innovation meets the collaborative economy. California Management Review, 59(1), pp.5-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/0008125616683951.

Cornett, A.P., 2009. Aims and strategies in regional innovation and growth policy: A Danish perspective. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 21(4), pp.399-420. https://doi.org/10.1080/08985620903020078.

Damvad, 2012. Measuring the Economic Effects of Companies Collaborating with the University of Copenhagen. Copenhagen: Damvad.

Davey, T., Rossano, S. and Van der Sijde, P., 2016. Does context matter in academic entrepreneurship? The role of barriers and drivers in the regional and national context. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 41(6), pp.1457-1482. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-015-9450-7.

Drejer, I. and Østergaard, C.R., 2014. The role of geographical, cognitive and social proximity in university-industry collaboration on innovation. In: Centre for Innovation Research, IRIS and University of Stavanger, 9th Regional Innovation Policy Conference. Stavanger, Norway, 16-17 October 2014. Stavanger, Norway: University of Stavanger.

Etzkowitz, H. and Leydesdorff, L., 2000. The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of university–industry–government relations. Research policy, 29(2), pp.109-123. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00055-4.

Fáziková, M. and Melichová, K., 2014. The Problems of Knowledge Economy and Innovation Processes in Agriculture Case Study of the Nitra Region. Acta Regionalia et Environmentalica, 11(1), pp.24-29. https://doi.org/10.2478/aree-2014-0005.

Genet, C., Errabi, K. and Gauthier, C., 2012. Which model of technology transfer for nanotechnology? A comparison with biotech and microelectronics. Technovation, 32(3), pp.205-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2011.10.007.

George, G., Zahra, S.A. and Wood, D.R., 2002. The effects of business–university alliances on innovative output and financial performance: a study of publicly traded biotechnology companies. Journal of Business Venturing, 17(6), pp.577-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(01)00069-6.

Graham, R., 2013. Technology innovation ecosystem benchmarking study: key findings from phase 1. Cambridge: MIT Skoltech Initiative.

Grimpe, C. and Hussinger, K., 2008. Formal and informal technology transfer from academia to industry: complementarity effects and innovation performance [Discussion Paper No. 08-080]. Mannheim: ZEW – Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.

Hakkarainen, K.P., Palonen, T., Paavola, S. and Lehtinen, E., 2004. Communities of networked expertise: Professional and educational perspectives. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.

Hanel, P. and St-Pierre, M., 2006. Industry–university collaboration by Canadian manufacturing firms. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 31(4), pp.485-499. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-006-0009-5.

Hanová, M., Moravčíková, D., Rehák, Š and Vozár, L., 2016. Posilnenie úlohy vysokých škôl v regiónoch. Bratislava: Ministerstvo školstva, vedy, výskumu a športu Slovenskej republiky.

Hayter, C.S., Lubynsky, R. and Maroulis, S., 2017. Who is the academic entrepreneur? The role of graduate students in the development of university spin-offs. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 42(6), pp.1237-1254. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-016-9470-y.

Hudec, O., 2007. Regionálne inovačné systémy: Strategické plánovanie a prognózovanie. Košice: Technická univerzita v Košiciach.

Jackson, B.D.J., 2011. What is an innovation ecosystem?. [pdf] Washington, DC. Available at: < http://erc-assoc.org/sites/default/files/download-files/DJackson_What-is-an-Innovation-Ecosystem.pdf > [Accessed 03 March 2019].

Jensen, M.B., Johnson, B., Lorenz, E. and Lundvall, B.Å., 2007. Forms of knowledge and modes of innovation. Research Policy, 36(5), pp.680-693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2007.01.006.

Jones-Evans, D., 1998. Universities, technology transfer and spin-off activities: Academic entrepreneurship in different European regions. [pdf] European Union, Glamorgan: University of Glamorgan Business School. Available at: < https://cordis.europa.eu/docs/publications/7864/78645511-6_en.pdf > [Accessed 03 March 2019].

Laursen, K., Reichstein, T. and Salter, A., 2011. Exploring the effect of geographical proximity and university quality on university–industry collaboration in the United Kingdom. Regional studies, 45(4), pp.507-523. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343400903401618.

Lindberg, M., Lindgren, M. and Packendorff, J., 2014. Quadruple Helix as a way to bridge the gende gap in entrepreneurship: the case of an innovation system project in the Baltic Sea region. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 5(1), pp.94-113. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-012-0098-3.

Link, A.N., Siegel, D.S. and Bozeman, B., 2007. An empirical analysis of the propensity of academics to engage in informal university technology transfer. Industrial and corporate change, 16(4), pp.641-655. https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/dtm020.

Lööf, H. and Broström, A., 2008. Does knowledge diffusion between university and industry increase innovativeness?. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 33(1), pp.73-90. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-006-9001-3.

López‐Martínez, R.E., Medellin, E., Scanlon and Solleiro, J.L., 1994. Motivations and obstacles to university industry cooperation (UIC): a Mexican case. R&D Management, 24(1), pp.017-030. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9310.1994.tb00844.x.

Mura, L. and Rózsa, Z., 2013. The impact of networking on the innovation performance of SMEs. In: Löster, T. and Pavelka, T., The 7th International Days of Statistics and Economics: Conference Proceedings. Prague, Czech Republic, 19-21 September 2013. Slaný: MELANDRIUM.

Noteboom, B., 2000. Learning and Innovation in Organizations and Economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Oh, D.S., Phillips, F., Park, S. and Lee, E., 2016. Innovation ecosystems: A critical examination. Technovation, 54(C), pp.1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2016.02.004.

Plaisier, H., 2010. Triple Helix Cooperation in the Rotterdam Region. Bachelor Thesis. Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Plewa, C. and Quester, P., 2006. The effect of a university’s market orientation on the industry partner’s relationship perception and satisfaction. International Journal of Technology Intelligence and Planning, 2(2), pp.160-177. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTIP.2006.011306.

Ramos-Vielba, I., Sánchez-Barrioluengo, M. and Woolley, R., 2016. Scientific research groups’ cooperation with firms and government agencies: motivations and barriers. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 41(3), pp.558-585. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-015-9429-4.

Reinhard, M. and Schmalholz, H., 1996. Technologie transfer in Deutschland-Stand und Reformbedarf. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.

Yencken, J. and Ralston, L., 2005. Evaluation of incentives for commercialization of research in Australian universities. A survey of selected Australian universities. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.

Yu, G.J. and Lee, J., 2016. When should a firm collaborate with research organizations for innovation performance? The moderating role of innovation orientation, size, and age. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 42(6), pp.1451-1465. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-016-9469-4.

Žítek, V., Klimova, V. and Kralova, M., 2016. Assessment of regional innovation systems as anassumption for innovation policy adjustment. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 12(49), pp.169-186.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12776/qip.v23i1.1168

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jana Jarábková, Marcela Chrenekova, Oľga Roháčiková

ISSN 1335-1745 (print)
ISSN 1338-984X (online)
CCBY crossref cope
Covered, abstracted, indexed in:
 
Clarivate Analytics Emerging Sources Citation Index; Scopus; Google Scholar; IDEAS; EconPapers; RePEc; Cabells' Directories; Google Scholar