THERMAL TREATMENT OF STAINLESS STEEL DUSTS FOR LEACHING

Jari Aromaa, Istvan Galfi, Anna Stefanova, Olof Forsén

Abstract


Many pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical and combined processes have been developed to allow better utilization of steelmaking dusts. The dusts contain metals and compounds that can harm the processes and one of these elements is zinc that is present in the flue dusts as zincite ZnO and franklinite ZnFe2O4. The effect of alkaline roasting on the dissolution of stainless steel flue dusts in acid and alkaline leaching was studied. The extraction of zinc from EAF dust was not significantly improved in alkaline leach (40 – 50 %) but there was indication of better extraction in acid leach (over 90 %). No improvement in extraction from AOD dust was seen either in alkaline (max. 58 %) or acid leach (max. 72 %). The acid leach of synthetic ferrite resulted in less than 32 % Zn recovery, and this must be studied further to find out the effect of frankli