ELECTROREFINING IN AQUEOUS CHLORIDE MEDIA FOR RECOVERING TIN FROM WASTE MATERIALS

Tamas Kekesi

Abstract


Recycling of the impure tin generated by the hot dip tinning and wave soldering technologies widely applied in modern electronic industry can be carried in a flexible and economical way even at relatively low production rates by electrorefining. In order to avoid the economical disadvantages of the alkali stannate or the sulphuric acid cresylic – phenylic sulphonic acid baths, the hydrochloric acid tin chloride electrolyte solutions can be applied. The major difficulties of solution stability, cathode corrosion and rough electrocrystallization can be overcome by optimizing the solution composition and the current parameters. Strong chloro – complex formation in the hydrochloric acid solution enhance stability of the Sn(II) species and the consequent natural inhibition promotes a cathodic deposition of acceptable quality. The virtual current efficiency and the morphology of electrocrystallization were improved by applying periodically reversed (PCR) or periodically interrupted (PIC) current. Although cathode corrosion could be depressed to a negligible level, dendritic crystal growth remains to be dominant, therefore special cell arrangement and cathode handling should be applied. The cathode deposit is easily removed and melted, allowing to obtain a recycled tin of high purity.


Keywords


electrochemistry; tin electrorefining; chloride electrolyte; complex formation; current efficiency; cathodic deposition

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12776/ams.v19i3.161

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